Two round barrows in Grevitts Copse

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009474

Date first listed: 13-Jun-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jul-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows in Grevitts Copse
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Compton

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 78627 13556

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrows at Grevitts Copse survive comparatively well and contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows situated in a valley within an area of undulating chalk downland. Both barrows survive as earthwork mounds with the most southerly of the two being the larger. This barrow mound measures 20m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.7m. The other barrow mound, situated 6m to the north, measures 16m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.3m. Although no longer visible at ground level ditches, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surround both mounds. These have become infilled over the years and now survive as buried features c.3m wide. Both barrows have been partially excavated, evidence suggesting they were constructed almost entirely of flints with an earthen core.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20013

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
NAR Record (Grevitts), (1971)

End of official listing