Frowsbury Mound: a bowl barrow 70m south of Clear Barn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009481

Date first listed: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Aug-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Frowsbury Mound: a bowl barrow 70m south of Clear Barn
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Guildford (District Authority)

Parish: Puttenham

National Grid Reference: SU 93893 47690

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance to the mound caused by the construction of a golf tee, Frowsbury Mound survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental information relating both to the monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed. The site has historical associations with Queen Victoria, as the mound was used as a vantage point from which to review her troops in 1857.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a slight rise to the south of Hog's Back chalk ridge. The barrow comprises a mound 41m in diameter and 2.4m high surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.5m wide. The mound was used by Queen Victoria in 1857 as a vantage point from which to review her troops. This event was commemorated by the erection of a stone tablet and a flag pole on the summit of the mound. These are surrounded by a post and chain fence. The flag pole and fence posts as well as a wooden seat on the mound are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20147

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, (1987), 11
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, (1987), 25
Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 9347,

End of official listing