Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Hills, 480m south of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar: part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009546

Date first listed: 19-Nov-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Hills, 480m south of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar:  part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Buckinghamshire

District: Aylesbury Vale (District Authority)

Parish: Ivinghoe

National Grid Reference: SP 95956 16383

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Though the central area of the mound has been disturbed and restored, the remaining parts of the Beacon Hill barrow, including the surrounding ditch, survive comparatively well. The close proximity of other monuments of the same period and their relationship to each other, add to the significance of the site and allow some understanding of the settlement and cultural organisation of the area in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a well preserved bowl barrow situated on a natural prominence at the southern end of Ivinghoe Hill. The barrow mound is 15m in diameter and stands to a height of 2.1m. The central part of the mound has been disturbed and subsequently restored so that in its present form it has a rounded profile. Surrounding the mound is an original ditch, from which the material for the mound would have been quarried during construction. Though largely infilled by the processes of natural erosion and deposition, it survives as a slight, though distinct earthwork 2m wide and 0.2m deep.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19068

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
NAR SP91NE20,

End of official listing