Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles south-west of Ditsworthy Clam
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1009573
Date first listed: 24-Aug-1962
Date of most recent amendment: 24-Feb-1993
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009573 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 20-Feb-2019 at 05:24:53.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: South Hams (District Authority)
Parish: Shaugh Prior
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 57893 65860, SX 57933 65804
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the Early Prehistoric period onwards. The well preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This agglomerated enclosure is a well preserved example. It provides an important insight into occupation and farming practices on the Moor during the Prehistoric period and the later longhouse indicates the continuity of exploitation of this part of the Moor.
The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone
walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected areas
for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut dwellings
for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c.2500 - 500
BC), though earlier and later ones also exist.
This agglomerated enclosure lies on a spur above the south bank of the River
Plym, south-west of Ditsworthy Clam. It consists of five conjoined enclosures
with hut circles and a later longhouse built in the middle. The Lee Moor
China Clay Works Leat cuts through the north-western part and it is not
included in the scheduling. The agglomeration covers an area of c.2.7ha,
defined by enclosure banks of earth and stone up to 2m in width and 0.5m in
height. Within the enclosures there are fourteen huts ranging from 4m to 11m
in diameter with walls up to 2.5m in width and 0.6m in height. Entrances to
the huts vary from the north-west to the south-east. The agglomeration
appears to have developed from the largest circular enclosure on the north-
east side, with four smaller enclosures having been added to the south and
west of it. There is a longhouse with associated courts within the complex;
it is 7m in length and 4m in width with walls 1m in thickness and survives to
a height of 1.5m.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 10693
Legacy System: RSM
Devon County SMR, SX56NE-053,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing