Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles south-west of Ditsworthy Clam

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009573

Date first listed: 24-Aug-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Feb-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles south-west of Ditsworthy Clam
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Shaugh Prior

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57893 65860, SX 57933 65804

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the Early Prehistoric period onwards. The well preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This agglomerated enclosure is a well preserved example. It provides an important insight into occupation and farming practices on the Moor during the Prehistoric period and the later longhouse indicates the continuity of exploitation of this part of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected areas for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c.2500 - 500 BC), though earlier and later ones also exist. This agglomerated enclosure lies on a spur above the south bank of the River Plym, south-west of Ditsworthy Clam. It consists of five conjoined enclosures with hut circles and a later longhouse built in the middle. The Lee Moor China Clay Works Leat cuts through the north-western part and it is not included in the scheduling. The agglomeration covers an area of c.2.7ha, defined by enclosure banks of earth and stone up to 2m in width and 0.5m in height. Within the enclosures there are fourteen huts ranging from 4m to 11m in diameter with walls up to 2.5m in width and 0.6m in height. Entrances to the huts vary from the north-west to the south-east. The agglomeration appears to have developed from the largest circular enclosure on the north- east side, with four smaller enclosures having been added to the south and west of it. There is a longhouse with associated courts within the complex; it is 7m in length and 4m in width with walls 1m in thickness and survives to a height of 1.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10693

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County SMR, SX56NE-053,

End of official listing