Bowl barrow 500m north-west of Berwick Bassett Clump

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009574

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m north-west of Berwick Bassett Clump
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Berwick Bassett

National Grid Reference: SU 11983 73871

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the Berwick Bassett Clump barrow mound and much of the monument remains intact and survives comparatively well. It therefore has significant potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. The importance of the site is enhanced by its location within an area rich in archaeological remains dating both to the preceding Neolithic period and the Bronze Age itself. The area was obviously important for settlement and religious purposes, the burial monuments giving an indication of the form and intensity with which the area was occupied during that period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set at the foot of a steep west-facing escarpment in an area of undulating chalk downland known as Berwick Bassett Down. The barrow mound is 20m in diameter and stands to a height of 0.7m. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12223

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing