This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Greensbury Farm moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Greensbury Farm moated site

List entry Number: 1009577

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Bedford

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bolnhurst and Keysoe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Feb-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 11540

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Greensbury Farm moat is one of the largest in Bedfordshire and is located in a particularly dense area of medieval rural settlement. The waterlogged silts of the moat arms provide ideal conditions for the survival of organic remains while the buildup of the interior will preserve the contemporary medieval landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a large moated site, over 1ha in area, lying adjacent to Greensbury Farm. The moat is situated above the 70m contour on the top of a plateau which is drained by streams flowing south to the River Ouse. The moat ditch is generally 5m wide by 2.5m deep and encloses an island measuring 150m east-west by 80m north-south. The moat ditch holds standing water on its western arm and the remaining arms are partially waterlogged and deeply silted. The western arm forms a pond which has recently been re-excavated and is now roughly rectangular, measuring about 15m x 10m. Access to the island is via a causeway in the north west corner. Traces of an outer bank can be seen, especially on the north side of the site where it is about 5m wide and 0.5m high. The surface of the island is slightly raised above the surrounding land. The material used to create the bank and to level the interior will include spoil generated during the digging of the ditch in medieval times.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County, (1912)
Other
Field, K., 2527/2 + 4; 2715/17 + 18, (1984)
J R L, (1974)
Sale Catalogue, Clapham Park Estate, (1831)

National Grid Reference: TL 07356 59014

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009577 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:44:16.

End of official listing