Parsonage Down Camp earthwork enclosure and associated field system.


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009646

Date first listed: 29-Aug-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Mar-1990


Ordnance survey map of Parsonage Down Camp earthwork enclosure and associated field system.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009646 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 02:46:47.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Berwick St. James

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Shrewton

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

National Grid Reference: SU 03852 41305


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Well preserved field systems particularly when in association with boundary earthworks and potentially contemporary enclosures offer valuable opportunities for understanding the nature and evolution of downland settlement during the Prehistoric and Romano-British periods. The Parsonage Down monument is of particular significance because of its excellent preservation and its proximity to the Yarnbury Castle hillfort.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a roughly oval enclosure situated within an extensive and well-preserved field system. The enclosure is situated in an elevated position 0.5 km north of Yarnbury Castle hillfort. It is some 1.2 ha in area, limited by a bank 4m wide and 1m high, and cut by a modern track. Considered to be of Iron Age or Romano-British date, the enclosure may relate to pastoral activity. The field system, which comprises the best surviving elements of a wider complex, covers an area of nearly 40 ha. It includes a "flight" of low lynchets or banks on the east-facing slope below the enclosure and limited to the south-west by a ditch. The field system may relate to the use of the enclosure or to the occupation of Yarnbury Castle.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10231

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing