Round cairn with central cist 1.05km east of Trewortha Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009735

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn with central cist 1.05km east of Trewortha Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 25206 75360

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn with its central cist on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well, its only apparent disturbance being limited to the opening of the cist. The cairn's mound in which the cist remains embedded is well consolidated, surviving to a substantial height, and will retain its original internal features including any burial deposits outside the cist. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary burial monuments of differing types and to field systems and settlement sites demonstrates well both the diversity of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a Prehistoric round cairn with a central stone cist, the southernmost cairn of a widely spaced SSE-NNW linear group of three round cairns, situated near other broadly contemporary cairns, field systems and settlement sites on the wide saddle of Twelve Men's Moor between Kilmar Tor and the Trewortha Tor-Hawkstor ridge on eastern Bodmin Moor. The cairn survives as a turf-covered mound of heaped rubble, 6m in diameter and up to 0.75m high. At the top of the mound is a rectangular pit comprising a box-like structure called a cist, lined by vertical stone slabs, within which a burial would have been deposited. The northern half of the cist is filled by soil and vegetation. The cist measures 0.6m internally on its north-south long axis by 0.5m wide and is 0.4m deep. The coverstone, forming the roof of the cist, is a flat granite slab measuring 1.5m by 1m, which has been displaced and now lies on the surface of the cairn mound immediately NE of the cist. This cairn is situated 175m and 245m SSE of the other two cairns in its linear group. Each of these cairns contains a cist.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15099

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978)
Other
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2475 & 2575,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173.1,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173.2,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,

End of official listing