Henge monument 300m north west of Cana Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009790

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Feb-1995


Ordnance survey map of Henge monument 300m north west of Cana Barn
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Marton-le-Moor

National Grid Reference: SE 36056 71846


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval- shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all henges are considered to be of national importance.

Although reduced by agricultural activity, this monument can still be identified as an earthwork and details can be clearly seen on aerial photographs. Significant information about its form and function will be preserved within the bank and ditch. As part of a wider group of monuments in this area this site will provide important insights into the study of a ritual landscape in the prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a henge lying on undulating land in the Vale of Mowbray. The monument comprises a subcircular enclosure defined by a bank and internal ditch. The bank is much reduced but remains visible in places as a low earthwork up to 45m wide. The internal ditch remains up to 10m wide and, although it has become infilled over the years, it remains clear on aerial photographs. Overall the monument has an external diameter of 174m. Access to the interior was provided by two opposing entrances up to 40m wide. There are soilmarks visible on aerial photographs indicating the presence of internal features within the henge. The monument is one of a series of henge monuments located in the Vale of Mowbray. These henges are also associated with other contemporary monuments and groups of later round barrows. The study of these monuments provides important information about their nature and function within a wider ritual landscape.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25579

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Harding, A, Lee, G E, 'Henge Monuments and Related Sites in Great Britain' in Henge Monuments and Related Sites in Great Britain, , Vol. BAR 175, (1987), 304
Manby T G, The Lowlands and eastern Foothills, 1993,

End of official listing