Stone hut circle 1.37km SW of East Castick Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1009803
Date first listed: 02-Jun-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish: North Hill
National Grid Reference: SX 25590 75418
Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
This hut circle on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well without any evident or recorded disturbance. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary hut circles and field boundaries demonstrates well the nature of settlement during the Bronze Age.
The monument comprises a stone hut circle situated near a Prehistoric field
system, enclosure and other hut circles in the broad valley between Kilmar Tor
and Hawk's Tor, part of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor.
The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble and small boulders, up to
1.5m wide and 0.5m high, around a levelled internal area 5m in diameter. The
wall has inner facing slabs and an entrance gap 0.5m wide facing SE, flanked
to each side by a 0.75m high end-set slab, called an orthostat.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 15117
Legacy System: RSM
consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2575,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190.09,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing