Pedlersburgh: a bowl barrow on Telscombe Tye

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009942

Date first listed: 14-Jul-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Pedlersburgh: a bowl barrow on Telscombe Tye
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Telscombe

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 39616 02669

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial disturbance by agricultural operations, Pedlersburgh bowl barrow survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Around 650m to the south west is a further bowl barrow, and around 600m to the north east is a cross dyke, a prehistoric linear boundary. The close associaton of these broadly contemporary monuments provides evidence for the importance of this area for funerary practices, settlement and agriculture during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, known as Pedlersburgh, situated on chalk downland c.1.5km to the north east of the present Sussex coast. The barrow has a roughly circular mound with a maximum diameter of 25.5m, which has been partially disturbed by past cultivation, leading to some levelling of its north western side. The mound survives elsewhere to a height of up to c.0.75m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25476

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 267

End of official listing