Bowl barrow on Front Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009950

Date first listed: 20-Jul-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Front Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Iford

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 40055 06064

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance by modern ploughing, the bowl barrow on Front Hill survives comparatively well and has been shown by partial excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes one of an original group of six bowl barrows situated on a ridge of the Sussex Downs, adjacent to the South Downs Way. Of the six, this is the only barrow to survive. The barrow has a roughly circular, unevenly surfaced mound with a maximum diameter of 17m, which survives to a height of up to 1m. The mound has a central hollow, indicating partial excavation some time in the past. More recent disturbance by modern ploughing has partially damaged the mound on its south eastern and north western edges. This past disturbance has scattered the large flint nodules used to construct the mound over the surface of the barrow. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. An Early Bronze Age beaker, a particularly fine, decorated pottery cup or small urn, now in the Sussex Archaeological Society's museum in Lewes, is believed to have been discovered during partial excavation of the barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25483

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 266
Other
F1 ASP 08/05/1972 (OS surveyor), Ordnance Survey, TQ 40 NW 23, (1972)

End of official listing