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Two bowl barrows, the south easternmost pair of a group of six bowl barrows, forming part of a linear round barrow cemetery on Rookery Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows, the south easternmost pair of a group of six bowl barrows, forming part of a linear round barrow cemetery on Rookery Hill

List entry Number: 1009951


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Seaford

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Feb-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Jan-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25484

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally, and many more have already been destroyed. Although they have been partially disturbed by modern ploughing and past excavation, the pair of barrows on Rookery Hill survive well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The prehistoric round barrow cemetery, of which the monument forms a part, survives particularly well, and is one of the best examples of this type of monument to be found on the East Sussex Downs. These prehistoric barrows are the earliest known structures on Rookery Hill, and their close association with later monuments, including a hlaew, or early medieval burial mound, and nearby traces of subsequent human occupation dating to the Iron Age, the Roman and early medieval periods, provide evidence for the continuity of burial, settlement, and agriculture in this area of Downland over a period of at least 3,000 years.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, the south easternmost pair of a group of six bowl barrows which form a north west-south east aligned, linear round barrow cemetery. The cemetery is situated on a spur of the Sussex Downs, a location which commands fine views of the surrounding countryside and the coast to the south west. The south easterly barrow has a roughly circular mound with a maximum diameter of 18m, which survives to a height of around 1m. The south western edge of the mound has been flattened by modern ploughing, and a central hollow indicates that it has also been partially excavated some time in the past. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, and will have been partially damaged by ploughing to the south west, but survives as a buried feature around 2m wide. Lying around 4m to the north west, the second barrow has a sub-circular mound 15m in diameter and 0.75m high, also with a slight hollow in its centre. The c.2m wide ditch which surrounds the mound has become infilled, and has been partially damaged on its south western periphery by modern ploughing, but will survive in buried form beneath the ground. The modern fence which crosses the monument on its south western side is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 272

National Grid Reference: TQ 46743 00861


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This copy shows the entry on 21-Jan-2018 at 06:16:34.

End of official listing