Roystone Grange bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010104

Date first listed: 04-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Roystone Grange bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)

Parish: Ballidon

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 20469 56874

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Unusually for the Peak District, this barrow at Roystone Grange has not been excavated and so retains significant intact archaeological deposits.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Roystone Grange bowl barrow is a roughly circular cairn in an unusual shelf location in the south-eastern uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 11.5m by 10.5m by c.0.5m high and with traces of a limestone cist. But for some slight disturbance on the north-west side the barrow is complete. Its form and the presence of the cist, in which human remains would have been placed, indicate a Bronze Age date for the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13332

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)

End of official listing