Bowl barrow 780m south-west of Bignor Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010144

Date first listed: 07-Apr-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 780m south-west of Bignor Hill
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Bignor

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 97572 12762


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some damage to the monument from cultivation, the bowl barrow 780m south-west of Bignor Hill survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and to the landscape in which it was constructed. To the south of the barrow is a Neolithic causewayed enclosure. Although this is of earlier date, the grouping of such monuments gives an indication of changing land use and settlement density through time.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes one of a pair of bowl barrows situated on the crest of a ridge of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound 24m in diameter and 1.3m high. There is a slight hollow in the centre of the mound which suggests that the barrow was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20081

Legacy System: RSM


Ordnance Survey, SU 91 SE 34A, (1962)
Pagination 13, Leach, P.E., Excavation of a Neolithic Causewayed enclosure on Barkhale Down, Sussex Archaeological Collections, (1983)

End of official listing