Stone hut circle 1.225km WSW of East Castick Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1010414
Date first listed: 09-Sep-1992
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Feb-2019 at 18:48:33.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish: North Hill
National Grid Reference: SX 25338 75994
Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
This hut circle on Hawk's Tor has survived reasonably well. Its relatively low profile is largely caused by the substantial build-up of deposits against its uphill side which will preserve constructional details, buried land surfaces and environmental evidence contemporary with, and subsequent to, its use. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary settlement sites, enclosures, field systems and cairns demonstrates well the nature of farming practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.
The monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the lower SE flank of
Hawk's Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut circle
settlements, enclosures, field systems and cairns.
The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 0.4m high and 1m
wide, faced internally by occasional edge-set slabs. The wall defines a near
circular internal area, 5.5m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope. The
wall has an entrance gap facing NE. The uphill, NW, sector of the hut circle
is largely masked by extensive hillwash deposits accumulated since its
construction, though the scarp to its levelled floor clearly defines its
course in that zone. This hut circle is an outlying member of a dispersed,
unenclosed settlement containing at least 23 hut circles, whose main
concentration is centred 180m ENE of this monument.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 15154
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
King, G, Sheppard, P, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parochial Checklist of Antiquities 10: Parish of North Hill, , Vol. 18, (1979)
consulted 10/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2575 & 2576,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.24,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing