Bowl barrow south of the Knolls


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010473

Date first listed: 13-Sep-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow south of the Knolls
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Leighton-Linslade

National Grid Reference: SP 91900 27157


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor disturbance, the bowl barrow south of the Knolls is well preserved and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the barrow was constructed. The importance of the monument is enhanced by its proximity to another large barrow some 60m to the north-east.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on level ground some 400m east of the River Ouzel. The barrow mound survives to 22m in diameter and 2m high. The burial mound has been altered slightly at the north-east by the insertion of a corner of the tennis court. Material for the construction of the barrow was quarried from a ditch at the foot of the mound. Over the years this has become infilled but it was visible in the 19th century and still survives as a buried feature. The mound is apparently unexcavated but a Bronze Age pottery incense cup was found in the vicinity. The monument lies within sight of a second large bowl barrow, to the north-east. The surface of the tennis court and all fences are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20425

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County, (1904)
Thomas, N, 'Bedfordshire Archaeologist' in Bedfordshire Archaeologist, Volume 1. no 3, (1956)
Jones, JB, The Two Knolls, Plantation Road, Leighton Linslade, (1988)
Mr R M Smith, (1991)
reference to unpublished survey data, Coleman, S, (1993)

End of official listing