Lower Colgarth Hill round cairn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010541

Date first listed: 29-Jul-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Dec-1994


Ordnance survey map of Lower Colgarth Hill round cairn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Jan-2019 at 06:55:30.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Craven (District Authority)

Parish: Airton


National Grid Reference: SD 90481 57360


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the monument has sustained slight damage it is still a well preserved example of this monument type and will retain further archaeological remains.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The cairn is situated on the top of Lower Colgarth Hill. The turf covered mound has a smooth profile and rises to a height of approximately 1.5m tapering towards its northern end. It measures 15m by 9m, the long axis running from north east to south west where the slope is more gradual. It is probable that the mound would originally have been fully circular. Its present shape is due to former agricultural operations which have truncated and spread the original mound. The monument was excavated in 1890 and evidence of this disturbance is still visible on the summit of the cairn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24511

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing