Cairn on Great Close Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010543

Date first listed: 29-Dec-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn on Great Close Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Craven (District Authority)

Parish: Malham Moor

National Park: YORKSHIRE DALES

National Grid Reference: SD 90235 66806

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The monument, although partially disturbed by excavation, is still a well preserved example containing further archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The cairn is situated in a commanding position on the summit of Great Close Hill overlooking Malham Tarn and is visible from a great distance. It has a maximum height of 1.8m and a diameter of 17m. The centre of the monument has been hollowed and the stones used to build a modern cairn on its southern edge. The cairn was excavated in 1936 by Mr T Lord and found to contain multiple burials.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24514

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing