Round cairn 550m SSE of Longstone Hill summit

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010591

Date first listed: 11-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 550m SSE of Longstone Hill summit
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Okehampton Hamlets

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 56909 90553

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite partial early excavation and later military shelling, the round cairn 550m SSE of Longstone Hill summit survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected. This cairn forms an outlying part of a discrete group of cairns, many of which probably contain funerary and ritual evidence.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on the lower north west facing slope of Yes Tor overlooking Longstone Hill. The cairn forms the easternmost outlier of a discrete cluster of cairns lying along the ridge formed by Longstone Hill. The other cairns are covered by separate schedulings. The cairn mound measures 13m in diameter and stands up to 0.9m high. A rectangular trench leading from the western side of the mound towards the centre is visible and suggests partial early excavation. A number of small circular hollows cutting into the core of the mound are probably shell holes, suggesting that the mound was once used as a target during military training. A large number of similar hollows survive around the edges of the mound and in the immediate vicinity.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24157

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The North' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, , Vol. 2, (1990), 215
Other
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

End of official listing