The south-eastern of two cairns on Eylesbarrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010692

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of The south-eastern of two cairns on Eylesbarrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Sheepstor

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 59970 68577

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and densest concentrations of round cairns in south-western Britain.

This cairn on Eylesbarrow occupies a prominent position on the hilltop, it is closely related to Eylesbarrow watershed reave and the second cairn on Eylesbarrow.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This cairn lies on the summit of Eylesbarrow, to the south of the terminal of Eylesbarrow contour reave and another cairn. It consists of a mound of stone built up on a berm of earth and stone. It is 25m in diameter and up to 2m in height. The stones of the mound have been moved around by visitors.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10739

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SX56NE-018, REF SX56NE-018, (1990)

End of official listing