Ring ditches, barrows and associated enclosures, Port Meadow
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1010717
Date first listed: 17-Oct-1990
Date of most recent amendment: 12-Feb-1991
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 17:46:32.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Oxford (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SP 49316 08868
Reasons for Designation
Port Meadow and Wolvercote Common contain evidence for consecutive periods of human activity covering the Bronze Age and Iron Age. Well- preserved sites of this type are rare in Britain especially where evidence for habitation, burial and farming are found in association and occasionally overlap. Potential for the preservation of organic remains at this site is very high. Early excavations yielded animal and bird bones while the survival of pollen would allow reconstruction of the environment at the time of later prehistoric settlement. This combined with the settlement evidence will provide an unusually complete insight into later prehistoric. occupation of the Thames valley.
The monument comprises a number of archaeological items, mainly dating
to the later prehistoric period (2000-50BC). Although some of the items
are visible from the ground, the majority can only be seen from the air.
Indeed the range and number of items present on Port Meadow was not
fully realised until air photographs were first taken in 1933.
The archaeological items within Port Meadow may be described as
follows: 1) a late 17th century racecourse (SP492091); 2), 3) and 4)
circular ditched enclosures (SP495086, 497085, 497084); 5) a circular
ditched enclosure with a later Bronze Age burial mound (SP496084); 6) a
Bronze Age burial mound combined with two banked ditches (SP492089); 7)
a circular cropmark (SP491088); 8) a rectangular enclosure with ditches
(SP492088); 9) a group of enclosures of varying size (SP486089); 10) a
rectangular enclosure (SP489089); 11) a low mound probably representing
Iron Age habitation (SP492088); 12) a circular crop mark (SP488089); 13)
a circular ditch of late Bronze Age date overlapped by a similar ditch
of Iron Age date (SP492088); 14) a group of five small sub- rectangular
enclosures (SP492084); 15) a sub-rectangular enclosure containing what
might have been prehistoric fields (SP491089).
Excluded from the constraint area are the allotment gardens, as
presently defined, in the northern part of Port Meadow on Wolvercote
Common. The access trackway is also excluded but not the ground beneath
From the SW corner of the monument, an area of riverbank running
northwards 100m long and 2m wide, which is used for mooring purposes, is
excluded from the scheduling. The ditches along the eastern boundary of
the site are also excluded from the scheduling as are the ditches to the
north of the monument, bordering Lower Wolvercote.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 12003
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume I, (1939)
Atkinson, R J C, Archaeological sites on Port Meadow, Oxford, (1942), 24-28
Atkinson, R J C, Archaeological sites on Port Meadow, Oxford, (1942)
Cordeaux, , Merry, , Oxoniensia, (1948)
Penney, S, A 19th Century excavation on Port Meadow, Oxford, (1985)
Leeds, E T, Atkinson, R J C, 'Oxoniensia' in Oxoniensia, (1945)
Rhodes, P P, 'Oxoniensia' in Oxoniensia, (1949)
84, Ordnance Survey, Ordnance Survey Archaeological Records SP 40 NE 2.4,
AP no's 4908/1/4/5/6,
AP nos 4908/1/5/6,
AP nos 4908/2/4/6/7/8,
Ordnance Survey , Ordnance Survey Archaeology Records SP 40 NE 22.2,
Ordnance Survey , Ordnance Survey Archaeology Records SP 40 NE 22.3,
Ordnance Survey, Ordnance Survey Archaeological Records SP 40 NE 22.1,
Title: Ordnance Survey, 1876 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing