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Reperry Cross, 550m ENE of Reperry Manor Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Reperry Cross, 550m ENE of Reperry Manor Farm

List entry Number: 1010840

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lanivet

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Mar-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jan-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24302

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The Reperry Cross has survived well in its original location. It forms a good example of a wheel-headed cross complete with head and shaft. Its position at a junction on an important early route across the Cornish peninsula, used since the prehistoric period, later forming a major medieval pilgrimage route and now reverted to minor roads in the modern highway system, demonstrates both the longevity of many routes still in use and the development of the road network. This monument also shows clearly the relationship between wayside crosses and early thoroughfares, evident at a local level by the cross's position marking a route to the parish church at Lanivet.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval wayside cross, known as the Reperry Cross, and a protective margin around it, situated at a road junction to the south east of Lanivet in mid-Cornwall, on an ancient route across the Cornish peninsula from Padstow on the north coast to Fowey on the south coast. The Reperry Cross is also Listed Grade II. The Reperry Cross survives as an upright granite cross 1.04m high with a round `wheel' head, the shaft set firmly in the ground. The cross head measures 0.45m high by 0.48m wide and is 0.25m thick. Each principal face bears a relief equal-limbed upright cross with slightly expanded limbs, 0.43m from tip to tip. On the south face, the perimeter of the head has a narrow bead 0.03m wide. The shaft measures 0.59m from the turf to the base of the head, tapering upwards to the neck from 0.42m wide at ground level to 0.32m at the neck, and from 0.26m thick at ground level to 0.2m at the neck. Both principal faces of the shaft are decorated with a relief central panel running the length of the shaft, tapering slightly from 0.28m wide at ground level to 0.24m at the neck. The shaft has been fractured in the past and repaired; the cemented join is 0.36m above ground level. The shaft is recorded as being set in a modern base, now completely covered by turf. The Reperry Cross is situated on a low bank at the south east side of a junction of six roads on a major ancient route across central Cornwall linking the Camel and Fowey estuaries. This route, whose usage is considered to extend back into the prehistoric period, is marked by other surviving medieval wayside crosses, reflecting its prominence as a medieval pilgrimage route for travellers from Ireland and Wales to the south Cornish ports en route to holy sites on the Continent. This route is now commemorated by a long distance footpath, the Saint's Way, which passes by this cross. This is also one of several surviving crosses marking routes within the parish to the church at Lanivet. The Reperry Cross marks an early direct route from Bodmin to St Austell, both important administrative centres and market towns during the medieval period. The Reperry Cross is recorded as in its original location, but for many years it was missing, having been built into a hedge. The historian Langdon in 1896 records the cross as missing but with the base remaining in situ. About 1926 it was rediscovered by the historian Charles Henderson and it was replaced in its former location on a new base; a small plaque in the hedge below the cross records this event by the inscription `Reperry Cross restored by Robert Edgecombe'. The metalled surface of the modern roads passing by the cross but within the area of the protective margin is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Cornwall County Council, , The Saint's Way, (1992)
Henderson, C, The Cornish Church Guide, (1928)
Keast, J, The Story of Fowey, (1987)
Langdon, A G, Old Cornish Crosses, (1896)
Other
AM7 scheduling documentation for CO 193,
consulted 1994, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 21208,
Information told to MPP fieldworker by Mr Andrew Langdon, (1993)
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SW 33/43/part 53; Pathfinder 1364 Source Date: 1989 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SX0463863307

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010840 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 12:14:22.

End of official listing