Hollin Stump round cairn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011152

Date first listed: 08-Feb-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hollin Stump round cairn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011152 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2018 at 15:00:48.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Asby

National Grid Reference: NY 65209 11638

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor mutilation of the monument's northern and southern edges by quarrying and limited antiquarian investigation of the mound, Hollin Stump round cairn survives reasonably well. This investigation located human and faunal remains and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details



The monument is Hollin Stump round cairn located on flat land east of Gaythorne Plain. It includes a mutilated oval mound of partly turf-covered limestone rubble up to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions of 22.5m by 21m. At the cairn's centre is a sub-rectangular hollow measuring approximately 3.2m by 2.4m and 0.4m deep that is connected to the eastern edge of the cairn by a rubble-filled trench 2m wide. This disturbance marks the site of an antiquarian investigation which located human bones contained in a cist of sandstone slabs, two skeletons orientated east-west, a second cist beneath which was another skeleton lying on its right side in a bent position, a horse's skull and an 'ancient pocket knife' with a pointed blade 3.5 inches long. Three Shap pink granite boulders arranged around the north-eastern edge of the cairn are the remains of a kerb.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23622

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877), 398
'Carlisle Journal' in Carlisle Journal, (1829)
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1775, Cumbria SMR, Hollins Stump Round Barrow, (1985)

End of official listing