Round cairn 490m ENE of Grange Hall

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011154

Date first listed: 11-Apr-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 490m ENE of Grange Hall
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Asby

National Grid Reference: NY 68924 11087

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite a combination of small-scale quarrying of the monument's northern edge and limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound, the round cairn 490m ENE of Grange Hall survives reasonably well. This investigation located a human skeleton and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a slightly mutilated round cairn located on relatively flat land 490m ENE of Grange Hall. It includes a largely turf-covered oval mound of limestone rubble up to 0.9m high with maximum dimensions of 19.5m by 17.5m. At the monument's centre is a sub-rectangular hollow measuring 4.5m by 1.3m and 0.35m deep created by 18th-century investigation of the mound. This investigation located a human skeleton.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23624

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Hodgson, Reverend J , Beauties of East & West Westmorland152
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
SMR No. 1757, Cumbria SMR, Grange Hall, (1985)

End of official listing