Waterman's Lodge bowl barrow, one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011221

Date first listed: 22-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Waterman's Lodge bowl barrow, one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Grid Reference: SP 33249 18086

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Waterman's Lodge bowl barrow is one of a pair of well-preserved Bronze Age barrows which will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated 100m south-east of Waterman's Lodge Farm on the edge of Wychwood Forest. The barrows are c.80m apart and are separated by a gulley which runs between them from north-west to south-east. The barrow mound measures 22m in diameter and stands up to 2m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during the construction of the barrow. This has become partially infilled over the years but is visible at ground level to the north and east as a slight earthwork c.3m wide. The barrow ditch west of the mound has been destroyed by the modern road and is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21773

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
PRN 2296, C.A.O., Waterman's Lodge Round Barrow, (1983)
SP 31 NW /334679, RCHM(E), Round Barrow,
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing