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Pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated on Maple Hill in Wychwood Forest

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated on Maple Hill in Wychwood Forest

List entry Number: 1011222

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Oct-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21774

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated on Maple Hill are well-preserved examples which have survived, despite being small in size, due to their location in dense woodland. They have not been disturbed by excavation and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction and the landscape in which they were built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows orientated north-south and located on the highest point of the heavily wooded Maple Hill, in Wychwood Forest. The northern barrow mound measures 10.8m in diameter and stands up to 0.4m high. Surrounding the mound but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This ditch has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The southern barrow mound measures 9.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.7m high. This is also surrounded by a buried ditch c.2m wide. The two barrows are separated by a distance of 4.4m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Benson, D, The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume II, (1907)
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
PRN 1335, C.A.O., Round Barrow, (1984)
PRN 1336, C.A.O., Round Barrow, (1984)
SP 31 NW 25, RCHM(E), 2 ? ROUND BARROWS,

National Grid Reference: SP 33166 16218

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011222 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Apr-2018 at 05:13:58.

End of official listing