Bowl barrow on Eston Moor, 1.2km north-west of High Barnaby Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011278

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1952

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Feb-1993


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Eston Moor, 1.2km north-west of High Barnaby Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Guisborough

National Grid Reference: NZ 56853 18013


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the bowl barrow on Eston Moor has been subject to partial excavation in the past, the extent of disturbance is not great and archaeological deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the surviving mound. Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive. The importance of this monument is increased by the survival of contemporary barrows in the vicinity; this evidence provides a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date. The mound measures 9m across and survives to a height of 80cm. At the centre of the mound there is a large hollow, the remains of partial excavation in the 19th century by William Ord which revealed the remains of a Bronze Age cremation within a stone cist. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide material to build the mound, is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature 2m across.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20856

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991)
No. 0069,

End of official listing