Standing stone, 810m north-east of Whittondean Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011290

Date first listed: 11-Oct-1993


Ordnance survey map of Standing stone, 810m north-east of Whittondean Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 06:40:53.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Whitton and Tosson

National Grid Reference: NU 06214 00238


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone at Whittondean is apparently undisturbed and well preserved. Standing stones are not a common feature of the Northumberland landscape. This monument is therefore an important example and its importance is enhanced by the survival of a group of other ritual monuments of a similar date in the vicinity, including cup and ring marked rocks, bowl barrows and a now destroyed cist burial.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a standing stone of Late Neolithic/Bronze Age date, situated in an area of natural outcropping rock on a north-facing slope above the Whitton Burn. The stone is apparently of a different raw material to that which outcrops locally. It measures 80cm by 50cm in section, with 1.2m of its height above ground, and now leans backwards at an angle. The top is pitted and on the south-west face there are three circular depressions or cupmarks.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20883

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Newbigin, E R, 'Archaeologia Aeliana 4 ser 9' in Incised Rocks at Lordenshaws: Addendum, (1932)
No. 884,

End of official listing