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The Bury: a ringwork and associated earthworks 100m north of Lavendon Church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Bury: a ringwork and associated earthworks 100m north of Lavendon Church

List entry Number: 1011295

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Milton Keynes

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lavendon

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Nov-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Dec-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19088

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements. They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60 with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular significance to our understanding of the period.

The Bury ringwork, although disturbed, remains a good example of its class. The central area remains intact and will contain archaeological deposits relating to the occupation of the site. Environmental evidence pertaining to the immediate landscape in which the site was constructed will also survive, sealed beneath the surrounding bank and in the buried ditch fills. The proximity of the site to the nearby Lavendon Castle, of which it may be the precursor, adds to the significance of the site and contributes to a fuller understanding of early medieval settlement in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small ringwork situated on a gentle west facing valley slope in a field called The Bury. The earthwork remains comprise a circular enclosure with an overall diameter of 40m formed by a bank up to 10m wide at base and averaging 1m high. The central area of the enclosure appears slightly hollowed. The bank is most pronounced around the southern part of the site but is less well defined elsewhere. There is now no visible trace of a surrounding ditch though this will survive as a buried feature having become infilled over the years. To the north of the enclosure is a series of earthworks representing a portion of a once more extensive area of ridge and furrow cultivation. This is separated from the enclosure by a well defined plough headland some 8m wide and up to 1m high. All boundary features and structures are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Card no 1293,
Field visit record, Mynard, D C,

National Grid Reference: SP 91608 53761

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011295 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 04:56:38.

End of official listing