Stone hut circle 758m north-east of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011364

Date first listed: 08-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle 758m north-east of Trewortha Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24800 75661


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. This stone hut circle on Twelve Men's Moor has survived reasonably well despite the partial collapse of some of its inner facing slabs. It has not been excavated and displays clearly its mode of construction and plan. The proximity of this hut circle to other small groups of hut circles and to the larger hut circle settlements on Twelve Men's Moor and the Hawkstor Downs demonstrates well the nature and diversity of the settlement pattern during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a stone hut circle situated near the northern edge of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut circle settlements and funerary cairns on Twelve Men's Moor and the Hawkstor Downs. The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 1m wide and 0.2m high, defining a circular internal area 3.5m in diameter and levelled into the hillslope. Along its eastern half, the hut circle wall has a contiguous row of edge-set inner facing slabs, two still standing, each 0.6m high, with others to each side, fallen inwards into the hut circle interior. This monument forms one of at least six individual hut circles and small groups of hut circles dispersed along the contour from the south-east slope of Hawks Tor to the saddle between Trewortha and Kilmar Tors on Twelve Men's Moor. These hut circles are located close to two larger unenclosed hut circle settlements, one on Twelve Men's Moor 120m ESE of this monument, the other on Hawks Tor with an associated field system, 650m to the north-east. Over a dozen broadly contemporary funerary cairns, several with burial cists, are also located on Twelve Men's Moor, examples of which are situated 120m north and 165m south of this monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15219

Legacy System: RSM


consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2475; SX 2575 & SX 2576,
consulted 6/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.15,

End of official listing