Round cairn, 450m SSE of Swinburne Castle


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011405

Date first listed: 24-Mar-1994


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 450m SSE of Swinburne Castle
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Chollerton

National Grid Reference: NY 93604 74849


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn has been subject to partial excavation in the past, the extent of disturbance is limited and its archaeological deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound. The cairn is one of a small group in this area and will contribute to any study of this wider group.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated in parkland adjoining Swinburne Castle. The cairn, constructed of large stones and earth, measures 18m in diameter and is 1.3m high. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide the material to construct the mound, is visible as a slight hollow on the east and south sides. Several large stones around the base are suggestive of a retaining kerb. The cairn shows signs of central disturbance, the result of partial excavation in 1925 when charcoal and burnt wood were uncovered. The cairn was known to local antiquarians as 'the King's Seat'.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20934

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Ball, T, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle, 4 ser 4 1929-30' in Opening of Barrows in Swinburne Park, (1930), 76-7
No. 5523,

End of official listing