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Round cairn, 450m SSE of Swinburne Castle

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn, 450m SSE of Swinburne Castle

List entry Number: 1011405

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Chollerton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20934

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn has been subject to partial excavation in the past, the extent of disturbance is limited and its archaeological deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound. The cairn is one of a small group in this area and will contribute to any study of this wider group.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated in parkland adjoining Swinburne Castle. The cairn, constructed of large stones and earth, measures 18m in diameter and is 1.3m high. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide the material to construct the mound, is visible as a slight hollow on the east and south sides. Several large stones around the base are suggestive of a retaining kerb. The cairn shows signs of central disturbance, the result of partial excavation in 1925 when charcoal and burnt wood were uncovered. The cairn was known to local antiquarians as 'the King's Seat'.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Ball, T, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle, 4 ser 4 1929-30' in Opening of Barrows in Swinburne Park, (1930), 76-7
Other
No. 5523,

National Grid Reference: NY 93604 74849

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011405 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:38:19.

End of official listing