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Stanley Hall moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stanley Hall moated site

List entry Number: 1011476

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Braintree

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Pebmarsh

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Nov-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20731

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Stanley Hall is well preserved and will retain archaeological information pertaining to its occupation. The water-filled ditches will also retain environmental evidence relating to the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument at Stanley Hall includes a triangular moated site situated on a slight north-facing slope, 1.75km south-west of Pebmarsh church. The moat arms each measure about 40m long and 10m wide. The south-eastern angle of the island appears to have been separated at one time by an intermediate ditch, but this has been infilled leaving only the stub ends visible. A wooden footbridge gives access to the island across the northern part of the western arm. Two other bridges allow access to the island. Both are modern constructions of concrete, brick and wood. One is situated on the northern angle and the other on the western arm. The island is occupied by a late 16th century house which is a Grade II Listed Building. The site was called Stanlegh in 1282, a name which means 'stone clearing'. The house, outbuildings, bridges and paths, which all occupy the island at present, are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935)

National Grid Reference: TL 83640 32734

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011476 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 26-Apr-2018 at 10:55:43.

End of official listing