Round cairn 170m north of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011502

Date first listed: 27-Jun-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 170m north of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 53029 76344

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite evidence for a partial excavation, the round cairn 170m north of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of the Cox Tor round cairn cemetery. This cairn forms an important visual landmark and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a small rock outcrop on the hilltop plateau north of Cox Tor. The cairn mound is oval in plan, measures 23.8m east to west by 28.2m north to south and stands up to 1.2m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound is probably the result of partial early excavation or robbing. This cairn forms part of a round cairn cemetery including two round cairns, two tor cairns and two ring cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22226

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84
Other
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW37,

End of official listing