Round cairn 910m WSW of Tolcarne Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011508

Date first listed: 13-Jul-1994


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 910m WSW of Tolcarne Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 13:34:24.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24130 78037


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on Ridge has survived well, with no visible or recorded evidence for any previous disturbance. The encircling stone setting is an unusual feature of this cairn. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary funerary and settlement sites demonstrates well the nature of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a small prehistoric round cairn situated on the lower northern slope of Ridge hill on eastern Bodmin Moor, close to other broadly contemporary funerary and settlement monuments. The cairn survives as a turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble, 2.5m in diameter and 0.5m high, clearly visible in the surrounding thick peaty turf due to the thinner vegetation covering its rubble content. Three small slabs form and encircling stone setting to the mound. These slabs protrude up to 0.1m above the turf and are located 0.75m from the mound's perimeter on its north west, south east and south sides.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15204

Legacy System: RSM


consulted 4/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2478,
consulted 4/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1029.7,
consulted 4/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1030,

End of official listing