Round cairn 30m east of Wicker Street Roman Road

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011512

Date first listed: 27-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 30m east of Wicker Street Roman Road
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NY 60411 11739

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited archaeological investigation at the centre of the mound, the cairn 30m east of Wicker Street Roman road survives well. This investigation failed to locate any interments or grave goods and the monument will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the original landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on Crosby Ravensworth Fell 30m east of Wicker Street Roman road. It includes a slightly oval earth and stone mound up to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions of 13m by 12m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the mound's centre failed to locate interments or artefacts. A circular hollow 5m in diameter and 0.3m deep containing a number of earthfast stones indicates the site of this investigation. An information sign on the monument's eastern side is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22456

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No 1773, Cumbria SMR, Cairn E of Wicker Street, (1988)

End of official listing