Acklam Wold barrow group: two bowl barrows on Wooing Nab

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011537

Date first listed: 10-Aug-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Acklam Wold barrow group: two bowl barrows on Wooing Nab
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Acklam

National Grid Reference: SE 79272 62264

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although both barrows have been partially altered by agricultural activity and are no longer visible as earthworks, the encircling quarry ditches and further evidence of deep burial pits will survive below ground. The barrows were also comparatively well-documented during campaigns of fieldwork in the 19th century. The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the vicinity of Acklam Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, located on the edge of Wooing Nab, which are among a number of barrows situated on the crest of Acklam Wold. Although both have been altered by agricultural activity and are no longer identifiable as earthworks, the buried quarry ditch surrounding each barrow mound is visible on aerial photographs. The ditch of the western barrow has an outside diameter of 19m while the eastern one has a diameter of only 11m. The barrows were investigated in the 19th century by both the York Antiquarian Club and by J R Mortimer. Mortimer noted that the eastern barrow was also examined by an Ordnance Survey team stationed on the Wold during the winter of 1841-2. Early editions of the OS maps show both barrows as mounds 8m in diameter. Excavation on a number of sites in the Yorkshire Wolds has confirmed that barrows in this area have burial pits, up to 2m deep, dug into the ground beneath them. At this site remains of such pits will survive, despite the levelling of the mounds.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20546

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 89
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 92
Other
6" and 25" Series,
Stoertz, K, (1992)

End of official listing