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An area of the Romano-British linear village at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: An area of the Romano-British linear village at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet

List entry Number: 1011635

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Mendip

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Shepton Mallet

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Sep-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22803

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Rural settlement was an important part of the Roman economy but the remains are generally poorly known and understood, with archaeological work to date having concentrated on military sites and the higher status villa buildings. Only some 50 examples of Romano-British linear villages have been recorded, mostly restricted to southern and central England. Exploratory excavations at Shepton Mallet have confirmed the good survival of the archaeological remains of a significant and long-lived settlement, including important evidence of industrial activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes part of a Romano-British linear village lying alongside the Fosse Way and earlier, underlying archaeological features. An additional area of the village, situated immediately to the north, with an arm extending south into the west side of the scheduling, is being developed as a business park and is not included in the scheduling at the present time. Following the discovery of the site in 1988, exploratory excavations identified a settlement lying on both sides of the Roman road, three associated cemeteries and underlying archaeological remains of Neolithic and Iron Age date. The settlement, dating to between the first and fourth centuries AD, included stone and timber-framed structures fronting the Fosse Way with yards to the rear, streets running off at right angles to the main road, field boundaries and areas of industrial activity. Industry appears to have been an important function of the settlement and discoveries have included metal smelting ovens, traces of iron ore residues and slag and raw materials such as lead ingots. The three cemeteries appear to exhibit changes in religious belief and burial practices. Two of the cemeteries include burials orientated north-south and are thought to be pagan; the third, with burials orientated east-west, is interpreted as Christian and has yielded a silver amulet cross. The village may have been founded on an earlier settlement of Iron Age date. Excluded from the scheduling are all modern structures including the Showerings warehouse, the modern road surfaces of Fosse Lane, the service roads, the former railway embankment and the modern embankment east of the Showerings warehouse but the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991)
Leach, P, An Archaeological Evaluation at Cannard's Grave Shepton Mallet, (1990), 4
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991), 14-15
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991), 24
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991), 8
Leach, P, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Soc' in Roman Site at Fosse Lane: Interim Report of the 1990 Excavations, (1990), 52
Leach, P, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Soc' in Roman Site at Fosse Lane: Interim Report of the 1990 Excavations, (1990)
Other
Leach, P, The Roman site at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet: An Interim Report, 1990,
Leach, P, The Roman site at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet: An Interim Report, 1990,
Leach, P, The Roman site at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet: An Interim Report, 1990,

National Grid Reference: ST 62920 42423

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011635 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 04:10:07.

End of official listing