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Bowl barrow and disc barrow 900m south east of Kingston Russell Farm, part of the Black Down round barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow and disc barrow 900m south east of Kingston Russell Farm, part of the Black Down round barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1011696

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kingston Russell

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 31-Oct-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22935

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some ploughing, the bowl barrow and disc barrow 900m south east of Kingston Russell Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow and disc barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Black Down, a gentle, north facing chalk ridge overlooking the South Winterbourne valley, in an area of the South Dorset Downs. The barrows are aligned broadly east-west. The disc barrow was surveyed by L V Grinsell in 1952, when it consisted of a central mound 8m wide and c.0.7m high, surrounded by a berm or gently sloping platform 4.5m wide. The exterior of the monument was defined by an outer bank 1.8m wide and c.0.2m high. Inside the bank was a ditch 1.8m wide, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The barrow has been ploughed since 1952 and the monument now has the appearance of a spread mound 15m wide and c.0.5m high. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years, but it will survive as a buried feature. The bowl barrow, which is 15m to the west of the disc barrow, has a mound 14m wide and c.0.45m high. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 169
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 116

National Grid Reference: SY 58643 90577

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 07:22:45.

End of official listing