Bowl barrow and disc barrow 900m south east of Kingston Russell Farm, part of the Black Down round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011696

Date first listed: 31-Oct-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow and disc barrow 900m south east of Kingston Russell Farm, part of the Black Down round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Kingston Russell

National Grid Reference: SY 58643 90577

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some ploughing, the bowl barrow and disc barrow 900m south east of Kingston Russell Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow and disc barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Black Down, a gentle, north facing chalk ridge overlooking the South Winterbourne valley, in an area of the South Dorset Downs. The barrows are aligned broadly east-west. The disc barrow was surveyed by L V Grinsell in 1952, when it consisted of a central mound 8m wide and c.0.7m high, surrounded by a berm or gently sloping platform 4.5m wide. The exterior of the monument was defined by an outer bank 1.8m wide and c.0.2m high. Inside the bank was a ditch 1.8m wide, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The barrow has been ploughed since 1952 and the monument now has the appearance of a spread mound 15m wide and c.0.5m high. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years, but it will survive as a buried feature. The bowl barrow, which is 15m to the west of the disc barrow, has a mound 14m wide and c.0.45m high. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22935

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 169
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 116

End of official listing