Enclosure west of Shell Top
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1011953
Date first listed: 27-Nov-1991
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011953 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 22-Feb-2019 at 19:12:17.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: South Hams (District Authority)
Parish: Shaugh Prior
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 58969 63916
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This enclosure is a well-preserved example with hut circles. It provides important insight into farming practices on the Moor during the prehistoric period.
The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by
stone walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected
areas for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut
dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age
(c.2500 - 500 BC), though earlier and later ones also exist.
This sub-circular enclosure lies on the south-west slope of Lee Moor and is
50m in length and 40m in width and defined by a rubble wall up to 2m in
width and 0.75m in height. It has an entrance through the west side and
another possible entrance in the south-east wall, close to one of the two
huts built into the wall. The huts are D-shaped, the western one is 6m by 5m
with a wall 1.5m in thickness and 0.4m in height; the eastern one is 6m in
length and width and has a wall 1m in thickness and up to 0.4m in height.
The western hut has a possible entrance into the enclosure.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 10613
Legacy System: RSM
Devon County SMR SX 56 SE-097,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing