Long barrow 500m SSE of Guiting Hill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011984

Date first listed: 25-Feb-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Jun-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 500m SSE of Guiting Hill Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Temple Guiting

National Grid Reference: SP 13351 28806

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Despite partial disturbance of the mound by prospecting and ploughing, the long barrow 500m SSE of Guiting Hill Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow belongs to a wider group of similar monuments commonly referred to as the Cotswold-Severn type, named after the area in which they occur.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow situated in the Cotswolds, on a gentle south facing slope with views over a valley to the south, west and east. The barrow, which is sometimes known as the Oak Piece long barrow, has a mound sub-rectangular in plan and orientated east-west. The site was recorded in 1939 and, when surveyed in 1960, was found to have a mound with maximum dimensions of 44m by 18m. The barrow mound is now visible as a ridge c.0.6m high with dimensions of 25m by 15m. A small excavation of the mound in 1916 revealed that it was composed of small stones associated with occasional flint flakes. The mound is flanked on each side by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. These are no longer visible at ground level, as they have become infilled over the years, but will survive as buried features c.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22921

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Mention of flint find by Westerling,
Mention of investigation by Peachy,

End of official listing