Round cairn 725m ESE of Trewalla Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011992

Date first listed: 03-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 725m ESE of Trewalla Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Cleer

National Grid Reference: SX 25328 70752

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This small round cairn on southern Craddock Moor has survived well without any visible or recorded disturbance. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary settlement and funerary sites and to a medieval field system demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Prehistoric period and its subsequent development.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small Prehistoric round cairn, situated near other broadly contemporary cairns and hut circles and amid an area of medieval cultivation ridges, on the western slope of the southern spur of Craddock Moor on SE Bodmin Moor. The cairn survives as a circular mound of heaped rubble, 2.5m in diameter and 0.6m high, largely turf-covered. Beyond this monument, a broadly contemporary stone hut circle is situated 20m to the east and a slight earth-and-rubble bank passes 5m to the north, forming one of a series of medieval banks that subdivide the cultivation ridges on this hillside.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15169

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2570,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446.02,
Consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2470 & SX 2471,

End of official listing