Bell barrow 100m south of Winterbourne Poor Lot, part of the Winterbourne Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012027

Date first listed: 31-Oct-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow 100m south of Winterbourne Poor Lot, part of the Winterbourne Poor Lot round barrow cemetery
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

National Grid Reference: SY 59038 90552

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Poor Lot cemetery survives well as one of very few examples in Dorset known to exhibit such a wide range of different forms of round barrow, including some of the rare barrow types, such as disc and pond barrows. The cemetery is unusually situated within a valley bottom.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow forming part of the Poor Lot round barrow cemetery, situated within the South Dorset Downs on the lower part of a north facing slope within the valley of the South Winterbourne. This is one of 44 barrows known to occur within the Winterbourne Poor Lot cemetery. The bell barrow has a central mound composed of earth and chalk with a maximum diameter of 28m and a maximum height of c.4m. The mound is surrounded by a berm or gently sloping platform which is 3m wide and a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.4m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22939

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 147

End of official listing