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Bowl barrow and pond barrow within Well Bottom Wood, part of the Winterbourne Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow and pond barrow within Well Bottom Wood, part of the Winterbourne Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1012028

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 31-Oct-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22940

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Poor Lot cemetery survives well as one of very few examples in Dorset known to exhibit such a wide range of different forms of round barrow, including some of the rare barrow types, such as disc and pond barrows. The cemetery is unusually situated within a valley bottom.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl and pond barrow aligned east-west, and forming part of the Poor Lot round barrow cemetery, situated on the South Dorset Downs within the valley bottom of the South Winterbourne. These are two of the 44 barrows which are known to occur within the Poor Lot cemetery. The bowl barrow to the west has a mound composed of earth and chalk, with a maximum diameter of 16m and a maximum height of c.1.75m. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years, but is known to survive as a buried feature 3m wide. The pond barrow, which is situated 50m to the east of the bowl barrow, is enclosed by an outer bank with maximum dimensions of 6m in width and c.0.65m in height. This encloses a sunken sub-circular area which is c.0.8m deep, 25m from east to west and 30m from north to south. The verge of the road to the north east has removed part of the outer bank of the barrow. There is a gap in the bank on the south western side of the monument c.1m in width which may represent an entrance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 147

National Grid Reference: SY 59184 90521

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 12:00:43.

End of official listing