Bowl barrow 70m north of Rockley Plantation


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012059

Date first listed: 17-Feb-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Sep-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 70m north of Rockley Plantation
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2018 at 18:26:49.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ogbourne St. Andrew

National Grid Reference: SU 16317 73001


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the Rockley Plantation barrow mound, much of the monument, particularly the old ground surface and the ditch deposits, remain intact and survive comparatively well. The site therefore has significant potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other barrow mounds survive in the area, providing an illustration of the intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow set at the head of a dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland known as Ogbourne Maizey Down. The barrow mound is 26m in diameter and 0.75m high. Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The site was partially excavated in 1879. A large number of sarsen blocks occur on the surface of the barrow mound, although these more likely represent a field dump than part of the fabric of the site.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12207

Legacy System: RSM


28 March 1990, Schofield, A J, 28 March 1990, (1990)

End of official listing