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Bowl barrow 1km south-west of Heath Farm: part of the round barrow cemetery on Deadman's Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 1km south-west of Heath Farm: part of the round barrow cemetery on Deadman's Hill

List entry Number: 1012073

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: North Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sandon

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Sep-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20664

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been subjected to ploughing, the bowl barrow survives comparatively well as a low earthwork on the summit of a knoll. The mound will retain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the monument and landscape in which it was constructed. The monument is one of five bowl barrows forming a cemetery set on the ridge top. Such groups are rare in this part of the country, especially where all the components survive as earthworks.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is situated on the summit of a knoll overlooking the Icknield Way, 300m west of the other barrows in the cemetery. The hemispherical earth mound measures 25m in diameter and is a maximum of 1m in height. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated for the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This ditch has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried featrues c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 29330 37044

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012073 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:11:49.

End of official listing