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Bowl barrow 50m north of Bowick Lodge east of Boyke Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 50m north of Bowick Lodge east of Boyke Wood

List entry Number: 1012115

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Elham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Jan-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Feb-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12824

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the disturbance to the mound caused by small-scale partial excavation, the Bowick Lodge barrow still retains considerable archaeological potential since much of the mound and the burials placed within it, the old ground surface beneath it and the ditch around it all survive undisturbed. These areas will contain evidence of the manner and duration of use of the monument as well as of the environment in which the barrow was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date which comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch. The mound measures 21m in diameter and stands to an impressive 2.8m above the general ground level. The surrounding ditch has been completely infilled by erosion from the mound and is no longer visible on the surface. It would have been dug originally to provide the earth for the construction of the mound. The mound and the ditch together have a diameter of 25m. The summit of the mound is marked by a shallow depression which corroborates the records of a small-scale partial excavation by a Captain North in the later 19th century, during which investigation pieces of Bronze Age pottery and other unidentified bones and flint flakes were found. On the southern side of the mound is a second small infilled excavation trench which dates from the Second World War.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
TR14 SE3,

National Grid Reference: TR 15946 42892

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012115 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 09:29:35.

End of official listing