Bowl barrow 50m north of Bowick Lodge east of Boyke Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012115

Date first listed: 16-Jan-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Feb-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 50m north of Bowick Lodge east of Boyke Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway (District Authority)

Parish: Elham

National Grid Reference: TR 15946 42892

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the disturbance to the mound caused by small-scale partial excavation, the Bowick Lodge barrow still retains considerable archaeological potential since much of the mound and the burials placed within it, the old ground surface beneath it and the ditch around it all survive undisturbed. These areas will contain evidence of the manner and duration of use of the monument as well as of the environment in which the barrow was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date which comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch. The mound measures 21m in diameter and stands to an impressive 2.8m above the general ground level. The surrounding ditch has been completely infilled by erosion from the mound and is no longer visible on the surface. It would have been dug originally to provide the earth for the construction of the mound. The mound and the ditch together have a diameter of 25m. The summit of the mound is marked by a shallow depression which corroborates the records of a small-scale partial excavation by a Captain North in the later 19th century, during which investigation pieces of Bronze Age pottery and other unidentified bones and flint flakes were found. On the southern side of the mound is a second small infilled excavation trench which dates from the Second World War.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12824

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
TR14 SE3,

End of official listing