The western of two linear earthworks north of West Woodyates Manor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012139

Date first listed: 11-Apr-1979

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Aug-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of The western of two linear earthworks north of West Woodyates Manor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: East Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Pentridge

National Grid Reference: SU 01559 19630

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Martin Down and the surrounding area contain a variety of well-preserved archaeological remains, because the area has been unaffected by modern agriculture and development. This variety of site types and the quality of their preservation are relatively unusual in the largely arable landscapes of central southern England. Bokerley Dyke probably originated in the Bronze Age or Early Iron Age. It was an important political and cultural boundary dividing areas with markedly different patterns of land division. Once established, the dyke remained in use, adapted and remodelled to suit the needs of later periods. These included the more defensive requirements of the later Iron Age and Roman periods, and it was probably then that the dyke became the focus of the associated series of earthworks making up the `Bokerley Line'. Bokerley Dyke still forms part of the modern boundary between the counties of Hampshire and Dorset. The dyke and its associated earthworks were recently the subject of a survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. The western linear earthwork north of West Woodyates Manor probably forms an outlying part of the `Bokerley Line'. The earthwork survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the construction and use of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the western of two linear earthworks north of West Woodyates Manor, both of which may form an outlying part of the `Bokerley Line', a series of earthworks associated with and augmenting the western end of Bokerley Dyke. The date of the earthwork is uncertain, but it may be contemporary with other linear earthworks at the western end of Bokerley Dyke which are of probable Iron Age or Roman date. The second earthwork is the subject of a separate scheduling. The earthwork runs down the western slope of a shallow dry valley, its slightly angled course running broadly from WSW to ENE before turning sharply to the south east at the eastern end. The earthwork is c.134m long, of which the south east facing section at the eastern end forms only c.8m, and consists of a ditch with a bank at its southern side. The ditch is c.3.5m wide and falls to a maximum depth of 0.5m below the top of the 2.5m wide bank. The bank has a maximum height of 0.35m above the adjoining ground level to the north. The second earthwork lies c.50m to the east and is offset to the north by c.20m. All fencing, gates and associated posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25622

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing