Enclosed stone hut settlement south-west of Gutter Tor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2019 at 08:14:55.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 57515 66610
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This enclosed hut settlement south-west of Gutter Tor is a well-preserved example of its type and provides important evidence of how early farming and stock-rearing communities lived on the Moor.
Low stone walls or banks enclosing a circular internal floor area form the
remains of timber and turf or thatch-roofed dwellings occupied by farmers of
the prehistoric period. They may occur singly or in larger groups and were
sometimes built within a surrounding boundary bank or enclosure. On Dartmoor
the long tradition of building stone-based round houses can be traced back
to the second millennium BC, probably from 1700 BC onwards.
This enclosed hut settlement south-west of Gutter Tor consists of a sub-
rectangular enclosure approximately 30m by 20m on a south-facing slope. The
boundary bank is on average 2m in width and 0.3m in height. Within it there
are five hut circles: two attached to the bank and three smaller ones within
it. The huts range in diameter from 2m to 10.5m, with walls, built of small
stones and earth, from 0.4m to 2m in width and from 0.3m to 1.75m in height.
There are entrances on the southern sides of the huts.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Devon SMR, SX56NE-021,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing