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Bowl barrow 100m north of Great Botley Copse

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 100m north of Great Botley Copse

List entry Number: 1012301

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grafton

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Shalbourne

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Aug-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Sep-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12219

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the Great Botley Copse barrow, and disturbance to the structure of the monument by cultivation and vehicular access, much of it remains intact and therefore has significant potential for the recovery of archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a gentle west-facing slope. The barrow mound was originally circular but now has an irregular shape measuring 31m from north to south and 11m east to west. It stands to a maximum height of 1m. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level and survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The site has been partially excavated, finds included a cremation burial in an urn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Wilts SMR, (SU26SE 600),

National Grid Reference: SU 29371 60359

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012301 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 09:36:48.

End of official listing